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From the early 16th century, both Western Armenia and Eastern Armenia fell to the Safavid Empire. Owing to the century long Turco-Iranian geopolitical rivalry that would last in Western Asia, significant parts of the area were regularly fought over between the two rivalling empires. The Byzantine rule was quick lived, as in 1071 the Seljuk Empire defeated the Byzantines and conquered Armenia at the Battle of Manzikert, establishing the Seljuk Empire. The Byzantine governor of the palace gave them shelter the place the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was ultimately established on 6 January 1198 under Leo I, King of Armenia, a descendant of Prince Ruben. After the autumn of the Kingdom of Armenia in 428, most of Armenia was integrated as a marzpanate within the Sasanian Empire.

Compounding Armenia’s issues was a devastating earthquake in 1988 with a moment magnitude of 7.2. Fears decreased when Stalin died in 1953 and Nikita Khrushchev emerged as the Soviet Union’s new chief. The church, which suffered greatly beneath Stalin, was revived when Catholicos Vazgen I assumed the duties of his workplace in 1955. In 1967, a memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide was constructed at the Tsitsernakaberd hill above the Hrazdan gorge in Yerevan. This occurred after mass demonstrations happened on the tragic occasion’s fiftieth anniversary in 1965.

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There are two attainable explanations, not mutually exclusive, for a standard origin of the Armenian and Greek languages. Maunsell’s map, a Pre-World War I British Ethnographical Map of the Middle East, showing the historic Armenian areas in dark inexperienced.

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According to custom, the Armenian Church was based by two of Jesus’ twelve apostles – Thaddaeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD forty–60. Because of these two founding apostles, the official name of the Armenian Church is Armenian Apostolic Church. The primary overseas languages that Armenians know are Russian and English.

In addition, a permanent solution for the Nagorno-Karabakh battle has not been reached regardless of the mediation supplied by organizations such because the OSCE. Gorbachev’s inability to alleviate any of Armenia’s issues created disillusionment among the many Armenians and fed a rising hunger for independence.

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In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, remodeling its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, into full Union republics. The fashionable Republic of Armenia turned unbiased in 1991 through the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Armenian literature dates back to 400 AD, when Mesrop Mashtots first invented the Armenian alphabet. This time frame is commonly considered as the Golden Age of Armenian literature. Early Armenian literature was written by the “father of Armenian history”, Moses of Chorene, who authored The History of Armenia.

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A big selection of sports are played in Armenia, the most popular amongst them being wrestling, weightlifting, judo, association football, chess, and boxing. Armenia’s mountainous terrain supplies nice alternatives for the follow of sports activities like skiing and climbing. Being a landlocked country, water sports can solely be practised on lakes, notably Lake Sevan. Competitively, Armenia has been successful in chess, weightlifting and wrestling on the worldwide level. Armenia can also be an lively member of the international sports activities community, with full membership within the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).

Some of probably the most distinguished chess players in the world are Armenian similar to Tigran Petrosian, Levon Aronian and Garry Kasparov. Many types of sports activities are played in Armenia, among the hottest being football, chess, boxing, basketball, hockey, sambo, wrestling, weightlifting and volleyball. Since independence, the Armenian authorities has been actively rebuilding its sports activities program in the country. The first Armenian churches were constructed on the orders of St. Gregory the Illuminator, and have been typically constructed on high of pagan temples, and imitated some features of Armenian pre-Christian structure.

Before independence, Armenia’s economic system was largely industry-primarily based – chemical compounds, electronics, equipment, processed food, synthetic rubber, and textile – and highly depending on exterior sources. The republic had developed a contemporary industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and different manufactured items to sister republics in change for uncooked supplies and power. Recently, the Intel Corporation agreed to open a analysis centre in Armenia, in addition to different know-how companies, signalling the growth of the technology trade in Armenia.

Soviet Armenia

In 301 AD, Armenia adopted Christianity as a state religion, becoming the primary state to do so. The claim is based totally on the fifth-century work of Agathangelos titled “The History of the Armenians.” Agathangelos witnessed at first hand the baptism of the Armenian King Trdat III (c. 301/314 A.D.) by St. Gregory the Illuminator. Following the breakup of the Russian Empire in the armenian brides aftermath of World War I for a brief period, from 1918 to 1920, Armenia was an unbiased republic. In late 1920, the communists got here to power following an invasion of Armenia by the Red Army; in 1922, Armenia grew to become a part of the Transcaucasian SFSR of the Soviet Union, later on forming the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936 to 21 September 1991).

Talks between Aliyev and Kocharyan were held in September 2004 in Astana, Kazakhstan, on the sidelines of the CIS summit. Following the Armenian victory within the Nagorno-Karabakh warfare, each Azerbaijan and Turkey closed their borders and imposed a blockade which they keep to this present day, severely affecting the economy of the fledgling republic. In October 2009 Turkey and Armenia signed a treaty to normalize relations.