Dubstep music was one of the first genres of music to emerge in the 21st century, having developed right around the start of the new millennium. It was primarily influenced by the Grime and 2-Step scenes popular in the United Kingdom at the end of the 1990s and early 2000s and has also integrated elements of breakbeat and drum & bass music. The term ‘Dubstep’ first started to be used around the year 2002, by which time it had fully developed into its own genre of music and began to receive mainstream recognition.
Dubstep is predominately instrumental, though vocal samples are not uncommon. The rhythm loops and drum tracks used in Dubstep can give the impression of being slowed down, as if they were actually played at half the speed of other elements in the song. The bass line tends to be the focal part of any Dubstep track, with special attention given to processing and mixing sub bass frequencies (those below 100 Hz). As a rule of thumb, the tempo usually ranges from between 130 and 150 BPM.
The club “Forward>>,” located in London, was the first establishment to host a regular Dubstep event. The BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel was one of the first recognizable figures in the music industry to embrace the sounds of early Dubstep and was known to include Dubstep song in his radio sets in 2003 until his death in 2004. Other influential DJs and producers involved in the genre at the time included Skream, Benga and Plastician, to name a few. By 2005, Dubstep had grown from a local UK scene into a worldwide movement, with Dubstep events being held in the United States, Japan and elsewhere.
Currently, some of the biggest names in Dubstep today include Skream, Benga, Rusko and Boxcutter, all of whom are based out the United Kingdom. Influential Dubstep record labels include Planet Mu, Dub Police, Z Audio, Hotflush Recordings and Tectonic.
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